Academic Document Sections
A document section is an element within the document such as "Byline", "Date", etc. These sections are useful when you need to narrow your search to something very specific, like an author's name or a word in the headline.
Common News Document Sections
Body: The text of the article.
Byline: In newspaper articles, this section contains the name of the person identified as the author. When searching journals or other publications, you would use the "author" section.
City: Usually, the city in which the piece of news took place.
Company: Particularly useful when looking for SEC filings, this is simply the company name.
Country: Usually, the country in which the piece of news took place.
Date: The publication date.
Geographic: The geopgraphic region of the story.
Headline: In newspaper articles, this section contains all headings and subheadings of the article. When searching journals or other publications, you would use the "title" section.
Hlead: In newspaper articles, this section contains the headline, highlight, and lead sections. When searching journals or other publications, you would use the "title" section.
Industry: This document section will search industry indexing terms.
Language: This indicates the language in which the document appears in the database.
Lead: In newspaper articles, this section contains the first few sentences or paragraphs of a story's text.
Length: A numerical value and arithmetically searchable. This section will show the number of words in an article. For example, if you want to make sure that all of your results are full-text articles instead of abstracts, sometimes it is useful to add something like ">500" in the length document section.
Load-date: The date the document was loaded into the database.
Organization: This document section searches the organization index terms.
Person: This document section searches the names of persons indexed in the document.
Product: This document section searches the name of products indexed in the document.
Publication: Contains the copyright and publication name.
Section: This section contains the section and subsection of a document as well as the volume, issue, and page number.
Common Legal Document Sections
ARGUED-DATE: The date the case was ARGUED before the court and/or the date the briefs were SUBMITTED to the court.
CITE: The citation of the case location in a reporter or on the LEXIS Service.
CONCURBY: The last name(s) of the judge(s) writing the Concur, Concur in part or Concur in part and Dissent in part opinion.
COUNSEL: The name of any person or entity representing a party or interest in the case.
COURT: The name of the court in which the case was heard.
COURT-CITE-OFF: Court-issued public domain citations.
DATE: Provides capability to search the DECIDED, FILED and RELEASED dates at the same time. ARGUED-DATE is not searchable with the DATE designation.
DECISION: Contains a one or two line description of the holdings and law of a case.
DECIDED-DATE: The date the case was DECIDED or oral decision or bench decision was rendered.
DISPOSITION: The final decision of the court.
DISSENTBY: The last name(s) of the judge(s) writing the Dissent, Dissent in part or Concurring in part and Dissenting in part opinion.
ELEC-CITE-PARA: Court-issued electronic citations.
FILED-DATE: The date on which the case was filed, docketed, entered, lodged or issued.
FULL-NAME: The complete name and designation of all the parties involved in the case.
HEADNOTES: Legal issues that are pertinent to the case, as provided by the court.
HISTORY: Contains the prior and subsequent history of the case.
JUDGES: Information about the judges of the court hearing the case.
LED-HEADNOTES: Legal issues that are pertinent to the case as provided by Lawyers' Edition.
NAME: Provides the ability to search the FULL-NAME and the SHORT-NAME at the same time.
NOTICE: Provides the capability to search on any disclaimers regarding the finality of the opinion and any disclaimers regarding the publication status.
NUMBER: Contains the docket number(s) assigned to the case by the court.
OPINIONBY: The last name(s) of the judge(s) writing the majority opinion.
OPINIONS: Search OPINION, DISSENT and CONCUR at one time.
RELEASED-DATE: The date on which the case was made available to the public.
SHORT-NAME: An abbreviation of the FULL-NAME.
SUBSEQ-HISTORY: Information about subsequent actions in the case.
SUMMARY: Contains an in-depth summarization of the holdings and facts of a case.
SYLLABUS: A summary of the facts, history of the case and points of law of the case, as provided by the court.
WRITTENBY: Search OPINIONBY, CONCURBY and DISSENTBY at one time.
SEGMENT-DESCRIP: CASENOTES: contains the notes of decisions.
CITE: contains the citation for a document.
HEADING: contains the number and name of the topic under which a document has been organized.
HISTORY: contains the history of a document.
NOTES: contains all notes pertaining to a document.
SECTION: contains the number and caption of a document. section (privacy)
STATUS: contains information regarding the currentness of the code section
TEXT: contains the text of a document.
UNANNO: searches, displays and prints a document without annotations
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